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Lucia Ramos

2000 Research

Abstract: The Bracero Program: A Reflection on the Past and a look into the Future of Imported Labor.
Mentor: Dr. Gilberto Garcia, Chicano Studies


The demand for employees during World War II brought about a shortage of labor. The repatriation of the Japanese population only enhanced the problem. Mexico had a high unemployment rate due to lack of jobs. Therefore, in an attempt to establish a surplus of workers, the United States and Mexico collaborated to establish the Bracero Program. This program rejected in 1941 and approved in 1942, represented an agreement between United States and Mexico to import workers in order to relieve the shortage. The emergency measure was to last until the end of the war. Instead, the program became permanent (Galarza 1964).

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