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Yurema Cortez


2004 Research

Abstract: Fear Reactions in Male and Female College Students as a Result of Abuse History

Mentor: Dr. Kayleem Islam-Zwart

Fear involves feelings of agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger (The American Heritage Dictionary of The English Language, 2000). Some researchers consider fear to be risk (i.e. people's estimate of their probability of being victimized), while others distinguish between risk and feelings of anxiety about that risk. (Riger & Gordon, 1981). Fear can cause strong psychological and physiological reactions within a person. Fear can be experienced either consciously or unconsciously, and be expressed both verbally and non-verbally (McMullen, 1990). Through its function to act as warning of possible danger, fear affects all areas of human functioning. As such, fear is considered a natural response that creates safeguards and teaches to be cautious.


WA State Psychological Conference/Seattle: Oct. 1-3, 2004

13th McNair WI Conference & Grad Fair 11/5-7/2004

8th Annual Research & CW Symposium, EWU, May 18, 2005

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