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Enver Guseynov

2009 Research

Abstract: Nagorno-Karabakh and Its Effects on the Formation of Azeri-Israeli and Armenian-Iranian Relations

Mentor: Dr. Jerry Galm, Anthropology

This research examines how the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan directly facilitated the establishments of Azeri-Israeli and Iranian-Armenian axes. In addition to becoming the focal point of each state‟s foreign policy, the conflict rapidly pulled in two of Middle East‟s major powers, Iran and Israel. Concerns about Azerbaijan‟s strong nationalist and pro-Turkish platform, which consisted of implicit calls for reunification with Iran‟s Azeri populated Northern provinces, prompted Iran to back Armenia despite sharing cultural, ethnic and religious roots with the Republic of Azerbaijan. Landlocked between its chief regional adversaries Azerbaijan and Turkey, Armenia has heavily relied on bordering Iran for its resources. Iran‟s political and ideological rival Israel, motivated by Azerbaijan‟s pro-Western orientation and its status as an oil exporter, began to actively support Azerbaijan‟s aspirations to preserve its territorial integrity. Azerbaijan‟s desperate need for material and diplomatic backing throughout the conflict prompted the secular Muslim state to accept Israel‟s support. These somewhat paradoxical Azeri-Israeli and Iranian-Armenian axes have restructured the state of affairs in the Caucasus region, illustrating that when pressing matters are at stake, geopolitical considerations are given priority over other factors.



13th Annual EWU Student Research and Creative Works Symposium: May 19, 2010

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