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Eastern Washington University
526 5th Street
Cheney, WA 99004
phone: 509.359.6200 (campus operator)

Ayanna Jacobs Kalyan



Dr. Susan Ruby, Associate Professor, Director of Social Psychology Program, EWU

TRiO McNair Research Internship:____________________________________________________________

Growth and Fix mindset Perspective effects on Children with Learning Disability  (2014)

A growing number of students with mild disabilities are included in general education   classrooms and expected to progress with Common Core Standards (IDEA, 2004). However, many general education teachers express resistance to the idea of inclusive classrooms because of debatable concerns (Avramidis, Bayliss, & Burden, 2000; Ergas, 2014; Ford, 2013). Controversy exists regarding the amount of time for students with mild disabilities in the classroom (Ergas, 2014), support and collaboration (Ford, 2013), and training to manage an inclusive classroom (Avramidis et al., 2000). For decades we have recognized the strong effect of teacher perceptions on student outcomes (Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1992). Mindset theory offers a newer understanding regarding teacher perspectives by identifying growth and fixed mindset (Dweck, 2008). Those with fixed mindsets support beliefs that qualities are permanent while those with growth mindsets espouse beliefs that individual qualities can develop greatly with effort (Dweck, 2008). Teachers with growth mindsets are most likely to expect greater gains for students with the thought of outstanding outcomes. However, this has not been researched since the mindset concept is fairly new. My study will survey classroom teachers regarding mindset and opinion regarding inclusion of students with mild disabilities in the general education classroom. I am distributing electronic, anonymous surveys to teachers in kindergarten - third-grade classrooms in a large urban school district in the Pacific Northwest. I hypothesize that teachers with fixed mindsets will have less favorable opinions about student inclusion. Less favorable opinions will most likely influence student performance given what we know about the effect of teacher expectations on student performance (Rosenthal & Jacobson, 1992).

Conference Presentations:__________________________________________________________________

Growth and Fix mindset Perspective effects on Children with Learning Disability  (2014)

  • Coming up!!! Eastern Washington University, Cheney, WA (2014)


Honors and Awards:______________________________________________________________________

  • McNair Scholar Summer Internship, Awarded $2,800. The goal of the McNair Program is to increase the attainment of PhD degrees by students from underrepresented segments of society. (2014)
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