- Future Students
Costs and Academics
- Current Students
- Faculty & Staff
Administration & Business
- Alumni & Friends
Friends of EWU
EWU LibrariesOur mission is to stimulate and support intellectual inquiry.LibQUAL Survey
816 F Street
Cheney, WA 99004
Alphabetical List of Databases
Full text articles on companies, products, and executives as well as news and analysis of industry trends and developments from over 3300 sources. Most are reports and trade magazines, with only around 100 scholarly journals.
Full-text articles on all subjects from about 8000 journals, with indexing and abstracts for at least another 5000 periodicals dating back as far as the late 19th century.
Two databases: ACM Digital Library offers full-text articles from over 50 ACM journals and magazines back to the 1950s, plus conference proceedings; Guide to Computing Literature indexes non-ACM journals, proceedings, and reports back to 1985.
Full-text articles from over 40 ACS journals (including Biochemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Journal of Physical Chemistry, etc.) back to 1996. Indexing available in the Legacy Collection, 1879-1995.
Offers full-text information from over 300 scholarly books and encyclopedias, as well as thousands of primary source documents.
A citation database that covers articles and books on agriculture from the National Agricultural Library, including historical materials dating back as far as the 1500's.
Comprehensive database for U.S. and Canadian history from prehistory to the present. It indexes articles from almost 1800 history journals (as far back as 1954) plus book reviews from around 100 core history journals and relevant dissertations.
Offers full-text information from around 150 scholarly books and encyclopedias, as well as hundreds of primary source documents and photographs.
Full-text access to American Journal of Physiology 1898-1977, as well as the seven individual sections of AJP from 1977-1997. Also provideds full-text access to six other APS journals, except for the most recent year.
Over 6000 full-text Congressional and Executive Branch reports, complementing the U.S. Congressional Serial Set.
This databases is hosted by the American Anthropological Association and searches their publications. Use the advanced search to find the citations of the articles in those publications.
Covers over 750 core journals and magazines in chemistry, energy, engineering, physics, etc.
Search across 4 different primary source databases: Early American Imprints 1639-1800 & 1801-1819; American State Papers 1789-1838; and U.S. Congressional Serial Set 1817-1980.
A comprehensive database for art and related subjects (architecture, graphics, interior design, etc.) indexing articles from over 650 journals.
Formerly Gale Literary Databases, this platform searches across several Gale literary databases, including Literature Criticism Online, Literature Resource Center (for biographical information), LitFinder (full text poems, short stories, and plays), Gale literary encyclopedias, Dictionary of Literary Biography, and Something About the Author (biographical and critical information on childrens and YA authors).
Table of contents/citation information from around 16,000 journals and magazines, with coverage from 1990 to present; does not include abstracts or the full text of articles.
Indexes articles from around 120 journals and another 30 magazines on all aspects of Native North American culture and history, back to the 1950s. Also includes over 100 books or monographs.
Bibliography of the History of Art (BRA) & Répertoire international de la littérature de l'art (RILA)
Free access to search these 2 indexes from the Getty Research Institute. Citations for articles and books from 1975-2007. Search by subject, artist, author, article or journal title, and other elements.
Index to hundreds of biographical dictionaries and "Who's Who" books, used for finding which reference book has an entry on a particular person.
Indexes articles from around 375 popular magazines and scholarly journals on biology and related disciplines, dating back to 1982. About 45% of the collection focuses on agriculture.
Includes book reviews from over 500 different magazines, newspapers and journals, covering more than 300,000 books.
Bibliographic records for over twenty million titles, with in-print/out-of-print status, price, publication date, and more. Includes references to book reviews for recent titles.
Over 400 practical, concise eBooks covering specific areas of business, including supply and operations management, international business, social media, finance, accounting, public relations, and marketing strategy.
Use this interface of Business Source Complete to find company information, SWOT analysis and other specialized business information, along with articles.
Full-text articles from over 3,800 periodicals (of which nearly 2000 are peer-reviewed journals) on all aspects of business. Includes indexing for another 900 books, plus reports, papers and company profiles. Selected titles go back as far as 1886, but most begin in the 1990s.
Full-text articles on all subjects from more than 400 journals published by Cambridge University Press; date coverage varies widely from journal to journal.
Selective annotated list of fiction and nonfiction books and magazines for children from preschool through sixth grade. Entries offer bibliographic data, price, subject headings, a descriptive summary, and excerpts from a review when available.
Full-text reviews of fiction and nonfiction books for children and young adults from over 30 publications (such as Booklist, Publisher's Weekly, VOYA) back to the early 1990s. You can limit searches by grade level, genre, etc.
Search both Children's Literature Review and Something About the Author at the same time.
Full-text entries on over 600 authors, plus individual works and themes. Author and individual work entries consist of biographical information, list of works, interviews, and critical essays/review (or excerpts from essays/reviews).
Concise, authoritative reviews for academic books, back to 1988.
Online version of this magazine, with news, commentary, and job listings for college and university faculty members and administrators. Full text can be retrieved from articles as far back as 1970.
CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) which indexes over 5,300 journals as far back as 1937, is now "Complete" with over 1300 full-text journals.
Access ComAbstracts, which indexes around 130 communication journals; full text articles from the Electronic Journal of Communication; directory of communication scholars; and other tools for communication scholars.
Portal to access six databases for evidence-based medicine. Cochrane Reviews are available full text back to the mid 1990s, while others are indexes.
Comprehensive database for communication and mass media issues, covering over 800 journals, of which around 350 are available in full text. Selected core titles are indexed back to the first issue.
Comprehensive directory of important learning disability resources, detailing associations and organizations, national & state programs, schools, colleges & learning Centers, publishers, publications & periodicals, Web sites, etc.
Part of Artemis Literary Sources, provides biographical information and suggested readings on more than 145,000 U.S. and international authors.
Interdisciplinary database offering full-text articles and reports on women's issues around the world from books, reports, magazines and journals.
Collection of over 350 online videos on lectures, interviews, or demonstrations of counseling sessions related to social work, psychotherapy, psychology, and psychiatric counseling.
Full-text articles from this one magazine; each 20-page (or so) weekly issue covers one current event or policy topic.
Full text articles from around 300 criminal justice magazines and journals, with indexing/abstracting from another 300. Covers criminal justice and related areas such as corrections, police, and forensics.
Difusión de Alertas en la Red -- free database courtesy of the Universidad de La Rioja; full text articles from recent issues of over 2700 Spanish language journals, with indexing for another 5700.
Biographical and critical essays covering over 12,000 (mostly) American and British authors. Essays range from 10-20 pages long and include lengthy suggested readings.
Lengthy, full-text biographies of over 59,000 men and women from around the world who shaped the history of the British Isles and beyond. Includes suggested readings and some illustrations.
A multimedia database with video clips, images aligned to Washington State Standards. There are lesson plans, writing prompts and an event calendar. Clips can be saved in your account or downloaded.
Covers doctoral dissertations and master's theses back to 1743. Recent (1997-present) records include a 24 page preview.
Expert reviews for books and software for health sciences.
Full-text books, pamphlets, broadsides and other imprints listed in the renowned bibliography by Charles Evans.
Full-text books, pamphlets, broadsides and other imprints listed in the renowned bibliographies by Charles Evans (1639-1800) and Ralph R. Shaw and Richard H. Shoemaker (1801-1819).
Full-text books, pamphlets, broadsides and other imprints listed in the renowned bibliography by Ralph R. Shaw and Richard H. Shoemaker.
Search over 15,000 eBook titles accessible to EWU students through the Summit/Orbis Cascade Alliance, a consortium of academic libraries in the Pacific Northwest. You'll need to log in with your NetID whether you are on or off campus, then choose EWU as your institution.
Full-text entries from over 200 scholarly bibliographies, handbooks, and specialized reference works. One can keyword search the entire collection in the advanced search mode.
Access thousands of recent electronic books, as well as thousands of classics in the public domain.
Over 119,000 academic eBooks. You may view online or download to your device for 14 days. To download, you will need Adobe Digital Editions or Bluefire reader for tablets/phones.
Search about 60 varied databases simultaneously from this platform.
Indexes articles on economics issues from over 750 journals and magazines, as well as dissertations, books, and working papers.
Full-text articles from ten Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) journals, back to 1995; also includes AACE conference proceedings.
Simultaneous search option for the two most comprehensive education databases.
Covers over 2400 journals and magazines (1400 titles include full text) along with full-text books and conference papers. Coverage dates vary, but a few titles go back to 1975.
Interactive mapping and data visualization tool from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Full access to around 180 peer-reviewed journals in the fields of management, information science, and engineering.
Over 3,000 entries on all aspects of children's literature; biographical sketches on authors and illustrators, as well as articles on genres, trends and themes from an international perspective.
Published by the National Association of Social Workers Press and Oxford University Press, this continually updated encyclopedia offers over 400 entries on key aspects of social work.
EBSCO version of a comprehensive U.S. Department of Education database for education, indexing over 1000 journals & magazines, as well as books, videos, conference papers and technical reports.
FirstSearch version of a comprehensive U.S. Department of Education database, indexing over 1000 journals and magazines, as well as books, videos, conference papers and technical reports.
Free, government-sponsored version of this comprehensive database for education, indexing over 1000 journals and magazines, as well as books, videos, conference papers and technical reports.
Unique compilation of performance statistics and trends extrapolated from counts of articles published in scholarly journals and the citations to those articles.
Online version of “European Americana: A Chronological Guide to Works Printed In Europe Relating to The Americas, 1493-1750”. Contains more than 32,000 entries for texts written in Europe before 1750.
Mostly black & white historical photographs of Eastern Washington University and the surrounding region.
Search for books, videos, articles and more at EWU Libraries, Summit Libraries and beyond. While not required, if you want the full functionality (save or request items, etc.), please log in by clicking on the "EWU Students, Faculty and Staff" link and log in with your NetID.
Free resource from Indiana University, indexing around 150 scholarly and popular film periodicals from 1976-2001.
Over 1000 streaming video documentaries on social science, public policy and humanities topics.
View 31 videos, mainly on health and social science issues
Search around 10 electronic resources simultaneously, with indexing for periodicals, books, federal documents, "deep web" sites, conference papers & proceedings.
Teaching and learning resources from federal agencies, maintained by the U.S. Department of Education.
Full-text access to over 400 scholarly encyclopedias and reference works on a wide variety of topics: business, education, environment, history, law, literature, medicine, sciences, and the social sciences.
Cross-search around 17 scholarly encyclopedias with biographical information, such as Encyclopedia of World Biography and Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives.
Index to over 130 multivolume literature reference works from Gale, St. James, Scribner's, and Twayne. Use this to determine which sets or series (such as American Writers or Something About the Author) have entries on a particular author or work.
Comprehensive database for geology and geosciences. Indexes and summarizes relevant articles from over 3,500 journals (along with books, maps, conference papers, and dissertations) back to 1669 for North America and 1933 for the rest of the world.
Aimed at K-12 math and science teachers, this resource offers full-text lesson ideas, curriculum resources, and articles about teaching.
Online directory to associations, organizations, schools, publishers, classroom resources, websites, etc. related to learning disabilities
Use Google Scholar to search for scholarly articles across the Web (this can be a good complement to subscription databases). Note the citation tracking feature.
Index to federal government publications on a variety of subjects; if a publication is available online, its URL is provided.
Indexes around 300 journals and 135 magazines (along with selected books, pamphlets and government reports) relating to human impacts on the environment.
Index of relevant articles, books, conference proceedings, etc. on issues relating to Latin America, published by the Library of Congress.
Full-text articles from around 80 consumer health magazines, plus health-related pamphlets and reference books.
Full-text articles from over 500 journals, plus indexing for another 300 journals. Includes the Lexi-PAL Drug Guide.
Search four health/medicine databases simultaneously: the Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, MEDLINE, Health Source Consumer and Health Source Academic.
Comprehensive database for modern (1450 CE to the present) world history (excluding the United States and Canada) from over 2600 journals.
Thematic essays and over 37,000 data sets on population, economics, labor, government, crime, etc., from Colonial times up to to 2000. You may download the data into Excel as well as dynamically create graphs.
Search these two major historical databases simultaneously.
IBISWORLD is the world's largest provider of national and international industry-based research. Includes industry performance, outlook, products and markets, operating conditions and risk ratings.
Full-text articles from around 250 journals, at least 875 conference proceedings, and over 1900 IEEE standards. Full coverage is back to 1988, with selected coverage back to 1893.
"A Library for the World's Children." Free database includes over 4600 full text picture books from around the world, in 59 languages.
Evaluate and compare journals in the sciences and social sciences using citation data drawn from approximately 12,000 scholarly and technical journals and conference proceedings from more than 3,300 publishers in over 60 countries.
Full-text back files of over 2100 core scholarly journals in the arts, business, humanities, sciences, and social sciences, from the first issue up to 3-5 years ago.
Offers "nearly 5000 primary and secondary sources" including over 700 biographies.
Full text articles from over 300 scholarly legal journals and law reviews. Most go back 20 years or less, but a few go back to the mid 1960s, including American Business Law Journal and Journal of Accountancy.
Portal to full text news articles from thousands of sources, legal information, and company information.
U.S. and international company financial information, market research, industry reports, & SEC filings.
Search the full text of federal and state court cases. Includes the ability to Shepardize each case.
Search federal laws (US Code) and regulations (Code of Federal Regulations).
Full-text articles from over 500 law reviews & 300 legal magazines/newspapers.
Full-text articles with selected news from over 3000 U.S. & international newspapers; 300 magazines; tv/radio & Congressional transcripts; major wire services; and Roper opinion polls.
Search all state-level laws and regulations. To limit to a particular state, click the Advanced Options.
Full-text articles from at least 15 journals, around 30 magazines, and over 300 books, along with indexing from hundreds more. Dates of coverage vary by title, but some go back to the mid-1950s/1960s.
Covers "nearly 400" library and information science periodicals, with 170 titles available full text. Coverage date varies, but a few titles go back to 1980.
Search 3 databases containing library research at the same time: LISTA, Library Lit & ERIC (general education).
Covers over 600 library and information science periodicals, along with books and research reports.
Over 20000 free MP3 audio recordings of chapters of published books that are in the public domain (mostly titles that are older than 1923).
Guide to the U.S. book publishing industry, covering publishers, agents, ad agencies, associations, distributors, specialties, and events.
Comprehensive database for linguistics and related disciplines in the language sciences: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. Indexes over 1,500 sources including journals, books and dissertations.
Self-paced online learning modules for 60 languages plus 17 English language courses for specific ESLs.
Full-text articles from around 500 popular magazines useful at the high school level, plus entries from over 350 reference books.
Covers around 1,700 periodicals and more than 500 full-text reference books.
Comprehensive database for mathematical literature, indexing thousands of journals, books and conference proceedings.
Comprehensive index to all aspects of medicine, covering almost 5000 journals. Over 1450 titles include full-text.
Authoritative but non-technical information from the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, and other agencies and health-related organizations.
Comprehensive index to all aspects of medicine, covering almost 5000 journals. This version does not contain full text.
Contains full-text descriptions and reviews of English-language standardized tests covering educational skills, personality, vocational aptitude, psychology, and related areas. Tests in Print provides basic information about tests in English. (purpose, status, price, etc.).
Full-text articles from around 300 journals and magazines, plus indexing for almost 400 more titles relating to military and government.
Access over 1200 eBooks published by MIT Press, back to 1943. You may keyword search within the books or browse by topic.
Comprehensive database for literature and languages, plus folklore, drama and rhetoric. Indexes over 5,000 journals, plus books and dissertations.
Full text articles from 5 core US newspapers with good national and international content: Christian Science Monitor, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post and Wall Street Journal.
Free portal "created by the National Science Foundation to provide organized access to high quality resources and tools that support innovations in teaching and learning at all levels of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education".
Online music library, with over 82,000 CDs available for streaming. Most of the tracks are of classical music, but also includes some jazz, world music, pop/rock and Chinese orchestral music. Can download to your iPod/iPad or Android device.
Online jazz music library. Can download to your iPod/iPad or Android device, search by label, artist, instrument, and country, or perform a general keyword search.
"A national resource for molecular biology information" from the National Library of Medicine. Scan the list of database categories along the left of their home page for relevant applications.
Indexes criminal justice articles from over 90 journals (10 of them cover-to cover) with selected magazines and videos back to the 1970s. Links full-text government reports from the U.S. Dept. of Justice.
Full text articles from just the New York Times, back to 1980.
Selected full-text articles from around 1400 U.S. newspapers, along with over one million radio and television transcripts.
Full text articles from the Associated Press, United Press International, PR Newswire, Xinhua, CNN Wire, and Business Wire. Coverage only goes back one calendar year.
Reader's advisory content for 155,000 fiction books, including author read-alikes, book discussion guides, and recommended reading lists.
Reader's advisory compilations for a younger audience. Includes descriptions of over 60,000 fiction books, read-alikes, book discussion guides, award lists, and recommended reading lists.
Index to government-sponsored technical research. Once you have found a particular document, search for the title in the Summit Catalog and request it.
Catalog to digital resources from open archive collections from over 1100 different contributors. Includes digitized books, articles, audio files, images, datasets, theses, reports, etc.
Listen to thousands of audiobooks, including over 100 in Spanish. All titles may be downloaded to your MP3 device.
Free, Australia-based database with abstracts of systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials relevant to occupational therapy. Trials have been critically appraised and rated to assist you in evaluating their validity and interpretability.
Online version of the most comprehensive dictionary of the English language. Offers definitions over time and contextual examples of usage, including the first written usage.
Chinese, French, German, Italian, Russian & Spanish
Index of almost seven million papers presented at conferences worldwide.
Comprehensive database for philosophy, indexing over 1500 journals (as well as books and anthologies) going back as far as 1940.
Full-text articles from a dozen leading physical therapy journals, including Neurology and Spine.
Offers industry sector analysis and research, industry trends and industry statistics for market research, vertical industry marketing data, or industry trends analysis.
Offers overviews and point/counterpoint arguments for over 340 public policy issues. Includes full-text articles from political magazines, newspapers, and radio or television news transcripts.
Database of magazines and sources for upper elementary school. this databases includes key children's magazines.
Index of conference proceedings worldwide.
3 databases: full-text articles from over 3500 journals and magazines, with indexing for another 1500 as far back as 1971; full-text articles from over 1300 regional, national and international newspapers; and 1500+ political science journals back to 1974.
Full-text articles from over 1300 national and international newspapers, including Spokesman Review, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post. Coverage dates vary title by title, but at best 1977-present.
Full-text articles from over 3500 journals or magazines (and indexing for about 1500 more titles).
Over 1500 tables of statistics on the U.S. and around the world, gathered from US federal agencies and other national and international organizations. To delve deeper into national or international statistics, choose from the Statistical Abstracts links on the far left.
Full-text articles from over 100 psychology journals. Virtually all go back to the first issue of each journal, for example Psychological Review goes back to 1894.
A large and comprehensive psychology index covering over 2,500 journals (99% peer-reviewed) plus selected book chapters, books, and dissertations, in some cases back to the 1800's.
Describes around 1000 tests and measures from the American Psychological Association, most of which are downloadable. Subject areas include psychology, psychiatry, education, social work, and business.
Comprehensive index to all aspects of medicine (covering around 5000 journals) back to 1946. Freely available from the National Library of Medicine, PubMed includes all MEDLINE content, plus additional selected biomedical sources. Look for the "Check for Full Text at EWU" button within individual PubMed records.
Descriptions of over 85,000 recommended titles, either books or websites. You can browse core lists of titles, or keyword search for specific titles. Includes Choice book reviews when available.
Indexing from around 375 magazines (and a few journals).
Full text articles from over 800 journals from Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries. Over half are social science journals and a quarter are scientific journals, but some are humanities and interdisciplinary. (Using Google search box, because the original one doesn't work that well.)
Reference USA provides up-to-date business and consumer information, including company directories, financial information, and consumer marketing research.
Online bibliographic citation manager. After registration, use this program to import references from research databases into folders, then format them in any of more than 100 citation styles.
Full-text articles from over 100 regional business journals, newspapers and newswires from the U.S. and Canada, back to 1990.
Comprehensive database for music literature, covering journals, books, dissertations, conference proceedings, etc.
Full-text articles from around 400 social science & humanities journals, back to 1999. Indexing only for articles older than 1999 & around 30 journals this library does not subscribe to.
Formerly SAGE Reference Online, SAGE Knowledge offers full-text articles from more than 50 subject encyclopedias and reference works in the social sciences.
Reviews of over 9,000 science books and films, from elementary school to college level.
Access data about the business of sports, from industry market reports, government statistics, facilities, etc.
Indexes articles and analyzes citations from over 8,500 scientific journals back to 1985.
Full-text articles from around 160 journals (mainly medical or scientific) and indexing for another 3200 journals.
American Chemical Society (ACS) database for searching substances, reactions, and patent and journal references. NOTE: You need to create your own username/password for this database. Use the SciFinder: New User Login link to create your username/password.
NOTE: Use this link to create your own username/password for this database. Then use the SciFinder link to access the database.
Search interface designed for elementary students, indexing more than 80 elementary-level magazines and a few selected reference works.
"Search over 7.4 million records, with 568,100 images, video and sound files from Smithsonian museums, archives, and libraries." Free resource.
Indexes articles and analyzes citations from over 3,000 social sciences journals back to 1992.
Selectively indexes over 850 journals for articles relating to social work and human services.
Comprehensive database for sociology, with solid coverage for social work, social psychology, addictions, and criminal justice issues.
Full-text biographical or autobiographical information for around 12,000 authors and illustrators of children's and young adult books.
Comprehensive database for sports, fitness, sports medicine, and physical education. Full-text articles from around 530 journals and magazines going back to 1985.
Full-text articles from around 1600 journals (mainly scientific and medical) back to 1997 with indexing for another 900 journals, books, and protocols.
Full text database from Standard & Poor's offering industry surveys, stock reports, company profiles, and mutual fund reports, and other financial information.
Features descriptive, historical and statistical information on every country in the world.
Summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Offers 1400+ individually indexed tables (with attached spreadsheets), both searchable and browsable.
Collection of the statistics from many countries, generally issued by the national statistical offices of foreign governments. Global and regional statistical compendia issued by international organizations are included.
Search interface designed for grades 6-12. Search MAS Ultra (including 500 popular magazines), Newspaper Source (selected articles from U.S. newspapers), and the Columbia Encyclopedia.
Covers 280 peer-reviewed journals aimed at professional educators.
A combination of original author interviews, readings and videos with a structured portal to open-access Web sites on children's literature and literacy.
Practice various standardized tests such as GRE, LSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and Praxis. Choose from one of the following "tools" to begin: High School, College Prep, Career, Graduate School, International.
The new Thinkfinity now supports educators integrating STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) using mobile devices in the classroom.
Full-text Congressional reports, documents & journals from 1817 to 1994.
Describes current or recently-published journals, magazines, and newspapers. Includes subscription price, sources for indexing, peer review ("refereed") status and contact information.
Indexes over 200 journals and a dozen magazines covering urban studies, community development, urban history, and related fields.
Full-text access to this financial newspaper.
Full text articles from 12 Washington State newspapers, including the Spokesman Review (1994-present) and the Spokane Journal of Business (1991-present).
Combined catalog of over 250 Washington public, academic, government, law, medical, corporate, special and tribal libraries.
Indexes articles and analyzes citations from over 8,500 scientific journals back to 1985, and another 3,000 social sciences journals back to 1992.
Full text articles from over 125 newspapers in the western region of the United States, including Washington, Oregon and Idaho.
Short, full-text biographical entries on over one million persons.
Full-text access to around 550 (mostly) science journals published by John Wiley & Sons, back to 1997. The database includes citations for another 1500 titles, as well citations for articles older than 1997 of all 2000+ titles.
Search 10 differentiated reference modules, including elementary and secondary encyclopedias, foreign language encyclopedias, historical essays and timelines, and children's activities.
Downloadable e-books in several languages. Many are older public domain titles.
Alternate access to the WorldCat database, but without the expedited book delivery from Summit libraries. This version is used primarily for interlibrary loan, and features some unique advanced search options.
Free version of WorldCat, which has records for 2 billion books, videos, periodicals, articles, etc. from 10,000 libraries around the world.
Covers political science, international relations, law and public administration from around 2000 journals, 60% of them published outside the U.S.